Frequently Asked Questions


There are four main pillars of Hajj — Ihram, Saee, Waqfat, Arafah and Tawaf al-Ifaadah.

There are four main pillars of Umrah — Ihram, Tawaf, Saee between Safa and Marwah, and Tahallul.

Umrah is a ritualistic journey to Makkah. It can be performed at any time of the month or year, except at the time of Hajj rituals.

Umrah is an act of worshipping Allah by entering the state of Ihram, circumambulating the House, running between Safa and Marwa, and having the head shaved or trimmed.

Safa and Marwa (Arabic: ٱلصَّفَا وَٱلْمَرْوَة, romanized: Aṣ-Ṣafā wal-Marwah) are two small hills, connected to the larger Abu Qubais and Qaiqan mountains, respectively, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, now made part of the Masjid al-Haram.

The word Tawaf is derived from the Arabic word Tauf, which means to go round and round in the Arabic language. The literal meaning of Tawaf is ‘to walk around’ or ‘to encircle something’. That’s why the action of circling the Holy Kabbah seven times in an anti-clockwise direction is known as Tawaf.

An individual should complete seven rounds on foot in this manner. The Tawaf must be completed in one go and the pilgrim should not leave until all seven rounds are completed. Once the seven rounds are completed, the pilgrims must stand in Al-Masjid Al-Haram and pray two rakats. After that, they must drink water from the Zamzam while reciting the dua.

Talbiyah is the reiteration of “Labbayk Allaahumma Labbayk, Labbayka Laa Shareeka Laka Labbayk. Innal Hamda Wan-ni’matah Laka Wal-Mulk, Laa Shareeka Lak 

“Here I am at your service, o Allah, at Your service! At Your service! You have no partner! I am at Your service! Indeed, all praise and grace belong to You, and so does the supreme authority. You have no partner”.


On the spiritual Hajj and Umrah trip to the purest place on earth, there are Miqats (Islamic boundaries Prophet Mohammed Peace Be Upon Him determined for Pilgrims to enter Ihram from), a station for putting on pilgrims’ garments ,either by land points or parallel to Miqat when arriving by air.

There are five mawāqīt (مَوَاقِيْت). Four of these were defined by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. One was defined by the second Rashidun caliph, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, to fulfill the needs of pilgrims

Qarn al-Manazil – Yalamlam (Arabic: يَلَمْلَم)[3]- Dhat Irq – Al-Juhfah Dhul-Hulayfah

Miqat Qarn al-Manazil: This Miqat is situated 80km northeast of Masjid al-haram and 40 km from the city of Ta’if. This Miqat is situated 80km northeast of Masjid al-haram and 40 km from the city of Ta’if.
Miqat Yalamlam
This Miqat is situated 100km southwest of Makkah and 90km north of the city of al-Lith

Miqat Dhu al Hulayfah
This Miqat is located 7 km southwest of Masjid- an- Nabawi and was defined by Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) as a Miqat for pilgrims from Madina.
Miqat al-Juhfah
This Miqat is located 182km northwest of Makkah, 17km southeast of Rabigh and 15km east of the Red Sea.


Hajj and Umrah are unique moments during which pilgrims give up their prestige and money. All people are equal in their dress and appearance. They are not separated by color or material possessions. They gather on the same spots, praying to Allah and supplicating to Him, for Glory be to Him, the Rich and all His servants stand in need for Him.

Hajj and Umrah are two of the best acts of worship for both men and women. The Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said: “You (women) should engage in a jihad in which there is no fighting; Hajj and Umrah”.
When entering into Ihram, a woman can choose what she wants to wear. She can enter into the state of Ihram in whatever color of clothes she likes provided that they are

In essence, these are permissible but are restricted in Ihram as part of worship, so that people show their need for their Creator and Master.
Some of these prohibitions apply to both men and women, some apply to each separately.

General Ihram prohibitions for men and women

• Sexual intercourse: it is forbidden for both men and women

• Concluding a marriage contract

• Killing game

• Shaving the head or clipping nails

• Wearing perfume 

Men-only Prohibitions

• Covering the head with something directly touching the head such as a hat or a turban

• Wearing the usual sewn clothes, such as shirts, pants, underwear, socks, gloves and shoes around the entire foot up to the ankles

Women-only Prohibitions

• Covering the face and wearing the niqab. However, a woman fearing sedition in the presence of non-mahram men may cover her face Wearing gloves